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Knee Knee


The knee is the largest joint in the human body. It connects the femur with the tibia and has ligaments which limit its movement and give stability to the joint. The kneecap is the “pulley” that allows the flexion and extension of the knee.

The joint cartilage is located at the ends of the femur and the tibia, and on the inner side of the kneecap. Its function is to protect the bone, absorb the strain put on the joint, and facilitate and lubricate its movement. The menisci (inner and outer) are fibrocartilaginous tissue structures located on the tibial plateaus. They distribute the weight placed on the knee and strain on the joint surfaces of the knee, stabilise the knee and reduce friction.

Another component of the knee is the tendons, via which the muscles insert into the joint bones. As such, tendons transmit muscle power to the bones during movement.

The Arthroscopic Surgery Unit has a team of specialist surgeons to attend to patients with articular (joint) and periarticular problems. It also has a team of nurses and physiotherapists responsible for reducing recovery times which monitors and supervises patients at all times.

The UCA is a pioneer in the biological treatment of arthrosis injuries using Plasma Rich in Growth Factors (PRGF).